Wednesday, November 5, 2008

About Thailand


Located in Southeast Asia, Thailand is commonly known as the land of smiles. Thailand's major exports include textiles, fishery products, rice, rubber, automobiles, computers and electrical appliances. Look through the categories below to find more Thai products.


The word "Thai" means freedom and therefore Thailand means the "Land of the Freedom". Previously, the country was well-known to the world as "Siam" and only on May 11, 1949 did an official proclamation changed the name of the country into "Prathet Thai" or "Thailand", by which it has since come to be known throughout the world. Our ancestors had their roots in Southern China where they originated some 4,500 years ago. Under pressure from China, they moved southward through Burma down to the Indo-Chinese peninsula, the "Thai Noi" then established their capital in Sukhothai, the northern province of Thailand in the 13th century. The Sukhothai are marked a period of great cultural development. Under King Ramkhamhaeng the Great who ruled from 1275 to 1315, the land of Sukhothai was thriving. There were fish in the water and rice in the fields. Due to the Kingdom's prosperity, it is regarded as a "Golden Age" in the Thai history.Then in 1350, a new dynasty led by King Ramathibodi I (Uthong) established a new capital at Ayutthaya, and in 1378 during the reign of King Borommaracha I, Sukhothai was subdued to become a tributary state of Ayutthaya. The Ayutthaya kingdom survived several wars with Burma before falling to the invading Burmese in 1767.Following this defeat, the Thais led by King Taksin retreated south and established another capital at Thon Buri. On his death in 1782, the King was succeeded by King Phra Buddha Yodfah Chulaloke (Rama I) who moved the capital across the river to the present location in Bangkok, as Thon Buri was too vulnerable to Burmese attack. The King founded the Chakri dynasty, which rules the country to the present day.